Strategic deinstitutionalization and reform of childcare in Bulgaria

ACTIVE family support is an intervention model aimed at identifying and supporting children at risk of being separated from their parents. It is a method for prevention of institutionalization. The model is also used to reintegrate children into their biological or extended families. According to Hope and Homes for Children (HHC), the word “ACTIVE” in English is an acronym that refers to the main principles of support:

Appropriate: Takes into account the local cultural context and the socio-political climate

Community: Works with formal (e.g. social workers) and informal actors

Targeted: Tailored to the specific needs of the family

Independence: Families work to become self-sufficient

Value: Proven, it offers a better value than traditional interventions such as institutionalization

Effective: Evidence suggests that this approach is able to keep children at risk of institutionalization in their families, while improving the well-being of the family

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